The Nabatean City of Petra

Basically, Petra means an archaeological site in the Arabah, Jordan which lies on the slope of Mount Hor in a sink between the mountains. These mountains form the eastern edge of Arabah which is the great valley running out from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. This valley is very famous for its rock-cut architecture. Since, Petra is counted in the new Seven Wonders of the World. So, the Nabataeans people constructed it as their capital city around 100 BCE. This site was remaining unknown till 1812 and then it was established to the west by Swiss surveyor Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. After that, it was notoriously described as “a rose-red city” which is half as old as their time. Moreover, then UNESCO has described it as “One of the Most Precious Cultural Properties of Man’s Culture Heritage”. Finally in 1985, The Nabatean City of Petra was nominated a World Heritage site.

Petra was identified as the capital of the Nabataeans by Pliny the elder and some other writers. Petra is completely enclosed by towering rocks and watered by a permanent stream. It also controlled the main viable routes which passed through it to Gaza in the West, to Borsa and Damascus in the North, then to Aqaba and Leuce come on the Red sea which across the desert to the Persian Gulf. So, the Petra was the splendid capital of the Nabatean Empire.  Moreover, it’s the master of water supplier in the desert region and the Nabateans provided their city with large digging constructions and water chambers. A theater was also formed on Greek-roman prototypes that had space for an audience of 4,000 people.

But in the year of 2006, the design of a visitor centre began. According to the Jordan times in December 2006, in the two months 59,000 visitors visited the Nabatean City of Petra. Then it is estimated that in the months of October and November 2006, 25% crowd increased than the same period in the earlier year. Hence, today the Palace Tombs of Petra are 42-meter-high Hellenistic temple facade situated on the El-Deir Monastery. These are the silent examples of incredulous and incomparable architecture.

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